11th Research Methodology Workshop Report
11th Research Methodology Workshop, Day 1 started at 9.00 A.M with an introduction to the program by Dr. Ashwini NS, Associate Professor Dept. of Anatomy.
Mrs. Suma Computer Operator R&I section, SDUAHER invocated the session. Dr. K.N Shashidhar gave welcome address and introduced the topic and resource persons to the participants and informed that minimum 2 research proposals should be submitted by each participant as an outcome of the workshop. Program was inaugurated by watering the plant by Dr. Pradeep Kumar G Honorable Vice chancellor SDUAHER, Dr. KNV Prasad Registrar SDUAHER, Dr. Sreeramulu PN, Principal and Dean Faculty of Medicine SDUAHER, Dr. Azeem Mohiyuddin, Medical Superintendent, Dr. K.N Shashidhar, Director R&I SDUAHER and Vice Principal SDUMC, Dr. Suresh .T.N, Professor of Pathology.
Inaugural address was by Dr. Pradeep Kumar G, at 9.20AM enlightening the essentials and need for research methodology and biostatistics in medical research which was followed by a group photo.
First session was by Dr. K.N.V Prasad who highlighted on “Developing a research questions and formulating objectives”. Session started with a cycle explaining the process in designing research. He mentioned about 3 C’s i.e. Curiosity, critical thinking skills and Courage to evoke research idea. Research problem was explained through FINER points and objectives were framed considering SMART pneumonic. Framing of research question using PICOT criteria was explained quoting examples for each study design.
Second session was on “Need for Literature search” by Dr. Harendra Kumar ML. A 3 min video clipping on ‘Never Google your Symptoms’ was played with a clear message to the participants that literature search should never be done on Google. He discussed various search engines such as PubMed, Cochrane, First search, Hinari Sci Hub etc., multiple databases such as EBSCO, Web of science, Google scholar etc., search tools like Boolean logic to facilitate Literature search and also explained the process of literature search .
Third session was on “Observational studies” by Dr. Anantha Bhattacharya, Asst. Prof. Dept. Of Community Medicine explained in detail the types of study designs with relevant examples. Merits and demerits of each design were also explained with graphical slide on Medical research for easy understanding.
Fourth session was by Dr. TN. Suresh Professor of Pathology and Director CDLS. He discussed about “Experimental study design”, interventional study, randomization, blinding procedure & also the advantages & disadvantages of Randomized Control Trial.
Fifth talk was on “Pitfalls of Case- Control and Cohort Studies” by Dr. Susanna TY, Associate Professor Dept. of Biochemistry. She explained the do’s and don’ts of case- control and cohort studies and also merits and demerits were explained with practical examples.
Next Session was by Dr. Sreeramulu PN, Professor of Surgery, Principal and Dean Faculty of Medicine on “Information sheet and consent form” .He discussed the key issues and the essential elements in information sheet and consent form in medical research especially bed side research. He also discussed the assent form. Morning sessions ended at 1.30 PM.
Post Lunch talk was on “Ethics in Publications” by Dr. Azeem Mohiyuddin, Professor of Otorhinolaryngology explaining about why and how to publish articles in journals. Extended talk was on authorship and copyrights to the journal, plagiarism check, predatory journals and fraudsters in journals were stressed and explained with examples.
Day 2 Report
Day 2 began with recall of Day one followed by the first session on “Ethics in Research” by Dr. Shashidhar K.N. Director, R&I and HoD of Biochemistry. He emphasized on ethics involved in conducting research, principles of ethics such as Autonomy, beneficence and justice. He also explained that research should follow basic principle of essentiality, voluntariness, non-exploitation, social responsibility risk minimization and professional competency. Further he spoke on informed consent and qualities of good consent form and also assent form with its importance in pediatric age group. The scientific misconduct in research and publication such as plagiarism, fabrication, falsification was also discussed.
Second Session was on “Research Protocol Writing” by Dr. Arvind Natarajan, HoD of Microbiology. He discussed the various components of protocol writing, preparation of budget summary and referencing system. He also listed the annexures to be added in a protocol and highlighted on the consent forms & common mistakes in research writing.
Third session was engaged on “Selection of Journals for Publications” by Dr. Kalyani R, HoD of Pathology. She spoke on parameters for selection of journals such as Indexing, citation, Impact factor, peer review, relevance, reputation, scope, timeliness, cost, acceptance and quality. She informed that most of the reputed journals provide instructions to authors in the website. She emphasized on Predatory journals, how to identify them using Beal’s criteria, DOAJ seal etc.
Fourth session was on “Sample Size, Statistical Analysis on Quantitative & Qualitative Research” by Mr. Ravi Shankar, Senior Statistician, Department of Community Medicine. He emphasized on Outcome measures such as mean, SD, proportions & percentage. He also briefed on Alpha error & Beta error, Type of sampling methods, test of significance
Fifth session was on “How to Write Grant for Research” By Dr. Sharath B, Associate Professor of CBMG. He gave inputs for the procurement of research grants, types of grants (intramural, extramural) and gave ideas on various organizations such as National Research Agency, NGO, Industry, DBT, DST and ICMR which provide grants to conduct research.
Post- lunch session was on “Good Clinical Practice” by Dr. Lakshmaiah. V, Prof of Medicine who discussed the GCP’s laid down by Helsinki & Nuremberg code, Belmonte Report and Code of Ethics. He spoke on unethical practices in research which made to lay down the ethical guidelines. The Goals of GCP such as safety, quality & efficacy, GCP applicable for drugs, biologics, and medical devices was also discussed.
This was followed by group activity on “Research Protocol Writing”, “Framing a Title” and “Study Design” by the core team of the Department of Research and Innovations, wherein the participants from the groups were allowed to present their research proposal. This was followed by feedback from the participants followed by valedictory function and distribution of certificates to the resource persons and participants of the workshop.
Dr. K.N Shashidhar thanked all participants and resource persons for their valuable inputs. He advised the participants to submit minimum two research projects for SDUAHER research grants or extramural funding.
December 7, 2015
November 25, 2015